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Chronology


1890:
November 21st born in Berlin, the youngest of four children.

1895:
The family moves from Berlin to Paris.

1906:
Formal education in Fine Arts at the Académie Julian in Paris, together with her older sister Marie Louise.

1908:
Continuation with studies of painting and drawing, at the Académie Royal des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.

1911:
Studies at the Scuola Libera Academica,Villa Medici, Rome.

1912:
Return to Paris; both sisters move into a studio, where Jeanne Mammen organizes their first exhibition. Participation in exhibitions of the "Salon des Indépendents" in Paris.

1913:
Participation in exhibitions of the "Indépendents" in Brussels.

1912 - 1914:
First sketchbooks in pencil and watercolours with motifs from Paris, Brussels, La Panne, Scheveningen and Berlin, portraying life in the city with characterizations of individuals in their typical environment.

1913 - 1916:
First etchings and book illustrations for "Fin de Siècle" poetry (Franco-belgian and English symbolism), particularly Flaubert.

1914:
At the outbreak of the World War I the family flees to Holland to escape internment.

1916:
Jeanne Mammen moves to Berlin, with her family.

1919:
Moves into the studio (Wohnatelier), Kurfürstendamm 29, again with her older sister, Marie Louise Mammen, who signs her paintings "M. L. Mammen", and her illustrations "M. L. Folcardy".

1921:
First film posters for major German film company, Universum Film AG (UFA).

up until 1922:
Sketches in pencil and watercolors, many of them portraits of her sister Marie Louise.

1923 - 1928:
Illustrations for fashion magazines. Beginning of realistic style period. Watercolours and drawings for journals, magazines and satirical reviews: "Jugend" [Youth], "Die Dame" [The Lady], "Die Schöne Frau" [The beautiful Woman], "Der Junggeselle" [The Bachelor], "Simplicissimus", "Uhu" [Owl], "Ulk" [Fun].

as of 1927:
Ability to support herself by income from her artwork.

1930:
Individual exhibition in the "Galerie Gurlitt", Berlin.

1931/1932:
Lithographs; among them the series of eight lithographs in two colours for Pierre Louys' "Les Chansons de Bilitis" [The Songs of Bilitis] (1894), variations on the theme of lesbian love. Banned from publication by the National Socialist regime. "Black Eye Period".

1932:
Trip to the Soviet Union and Moscow with Hans Uhlmann.

1933 - 1945:
No exhibitions during the Third Reich. Development of Cubist-expressionistic style period during self-elected seclusion from public cultural life out of protest against the ideology and terror of the Fascist regime.

1935:
Beginning of friendship with Max Delbrück.

1945 - 1948:
Sculpture period.

1949/1950:
Jeanne Mammen joins the legendary existentialist postwar artist's cabaret "Die Badewanne" [The Bathtub]; she participates in the scenario, designs and builds scenery and backdrops, and creates décor and costumes.

1949 - 1954:
Graphic period.

1950 - 1960:
Lyrical-abstract period.

1960:
Comprehensive individual exhibition in Berlin, organized by the Senate for Education and Culture, in honour of her 70th birthday.

1960 - 1975:
Coloured paper collages with tinfoil. "Numinous" Paintings.

1967:
Publication of Jeanne Mammen's translation of Arthur Rimbaud's prose poems "Les Illuminations" (1886), Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt/M.

1969:
Trip to Marocco with Max und Manny Delbrück; serious illness and hospitalization in Rabat-Salé.

1970:
Individual exhibition in honour of her 80th birthday (Neuer Berliner Kunstverein), with works covering the time period from 1929 to 1970.

1973:
Trip to Avignon (France), with Lothar Klünner, visit of the Picasso exhibition.

1975:
Jeanne Mammen finishes her last painting "Verheißung eines Winters" [Promise of Winter] on October 6th.

1976:
April 22nd, Jeanne Mammen dies in Berlin. Foundation of the "Jeanne-Mammen-Gesellschaft e. V." [Jeanne Mammen Society] (today: "Förderverein Jeanne-Mammen-Stiftung e. V." [Sponsoring Association Jeanne-Mammen-Foundation]).

 

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